Study of distribution of beta-pollution in the city of Almaty

  • V.V. Dyachkov National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Yu.A. Zaripova National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • A.V. Yushkov National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • A.L. Shakirov National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • M.T. Bigeldiyeva National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • K.S. Dyussebayeva National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • K.E. Abramov National Nanolaboratory of Open Type, Al-Farabi KazNU, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Abstract

The present work is devoted to the study of the distribution of beta activity of natural radionuclides in the surface soil of Almaty in the spring. The soil samples were collected during the period April-May 2018 in different parts of the city of Almaty. Sample preparation of soil samples was limited to soil selection, which was dried overnight, crushed, its residual moisture was measured, and its beta spectrum was further measured. The exposure time of the measurements of one spectrum averaged 90 minutes. In addition to the background beta particles generated by cosmic rays, the influence on the intensity of the beta spectrum is exerted by the existence of temporal variations in radon emanation, and within a day the radon activity in air can vary in a relatively wide range. Consequently, the concentration of daughter decay products (DDPR) on aerosols of air will affect the background of beta particles. In this connection, after each measurement of the soil sample, background spectra of beta particles were measured. As a result of the performed measurements and analysis of the intensity distribution of beta contamination of surface soil in different parts of Almaty, the emergence of radionuclide radionuclides of radon DDPR in the surface layer of the atmosphere and atmospheric precipitation was determined, which is mainly due to aerosol particles. In turn, radon atoms emanating from the lower soil layers coagulate with aerosol particles. The degree of concentration of beta radionuclides of radon DDPR depends on the chemical composition of the soil cover, on meteorological conditions and on its own chemical properties, on which the ability of migration and accumulation in the surface soil layer depends. The obtained integral values of beta radionuclides of radon DDPR show the spatial fractal spread and correspond to the literature data taking into account abundant precipitation during the sampling period.

References

1. M.N. Levin, O.P. Negrobov, V.R. Gitlin, O.V. Selivanova, O.A. Ivanova, Natural radiation background. Textbook, (Voronezh, 2008), 52 p. (in Russ).

2. Hygienic standards "Sanitary-epidemiological requirements to ensure radiation safety" Approved by the order of the Minister of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated February 27, 2015 No. 155. (in Russ).

3. Ecological Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated January 9, 2007 No. 212. (in Russ).

4. On radiation safety of the population. Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated April 23, 1998 No. 219. (in Russ).

5. The rules for monitoring and recording individual exposure doses received by citizens when working with ionizing radiation sources, conducting medical X-ray and radiological procedures, and also caused by anthropogenic radiation background. Order of the Minister of the National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 259 of March 27, 2015. (in Russ).

6. Sanitary rules "Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for ensuring radiation safety" Minister of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 27, 2015, No. 261. (in Russ). (in Russ).

7. A.V. Yushkov, V.V. Dyachkov, Yu.A. Zaripova, B.Zh. Medetov, A.Zh. Naurzbaeva, Izvestiya NAN RK. A series of physics and mathematics, 2(288), 138-141 (2013). (in Russ).

8. V.V. Oskomov, A. Sedov, N.O. Saduyev, О. Kalikulov, I. Kenzhina, E. Tautaev, E. Muhamedzhanov, V.V. Dyachkov, and Sh. Utey, Journal of Physics: IC-MSQUARE, 936(12047), 1-5 (2017).

9. V.V. Dyachkov, Yu.A. Zaripova, A.V. Yushkov, A.L. Shakirov, M.T. Bigeldiyeva, K.S. Dyussebayeva, and K.E. Abramov, Physical sciences and technology, 4(1), 20-26 (2017).

10. V.V. Dyachkov, A.E. Rakhman, Yu.A..Zaripova, A.V. Yushkov, A.L. Shakirov, M.T. Bigeldieva, K.S. Dyusebaeva, and K.Е. Abramov, Proc. of the V Intern. Scientific Conf. 2018. Almaty, 115-119 (2018). (in Russ).
Published
2018-10-30
How to Cite
DYACHKOV, V.V. et al. Study of distribution of beta-pollution in the city of Almaty. Recent Contributions to Physics (Rec.Contr.Phys.), [S.l.], v. 67, n. 4, p. 4-10, oct. 2018. ISSN 1563-0315. Available at: <http://bph.kaznu.kz/index.php/zhuzhu/article/view/1082>. Date accessed: 19 dec. 2018.
Section
Theoretical Physics. Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics. Astrophysics

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.